Wildlife & Environmental Research

Environmental Research - A HOLISTIC APPROACH

Tswalu represents a unique research opportunity for researchers to add to our collective knowledge of the Kalahari. Research is integrated into every aspect of life at Tswalu as it informs how we operate and adds an extra dimension to the Tswalu experience.

Research is a recurring feature of life at Tswalu and continues to both answer and raise questions about the best ways to conserve and restore the southern Kalahari. By adding to our knowledge, we realise more and more what we don’t know, but we are also able to design and implement more effective conservation policies.


Biodiversity Conservation of
Species and Ecosystem

Biological diversity at all levels is being lost at an unprecedented rate, many referring to the observed losses as the start of Earth’s sixth mass extinction episode. Factors such as habitat fragmentation and environmental degradation are influencing the distribution and abundance of species, often in ways that are impossible to predict.


Understanding the impacts of
climate change

During Earth’s long history, natural processes such as variations in solar radiation, orbital vicissitudes and even continental drift caused changes in temperature and rainfall patterns and inevitably impacted on biodiversity and species patterns and abundances. Climate change is thus regarded by many as a natural phenomenon.


Anthropogenic: The human impact – past, present and future.

This involves documentation of archaeological sites on Tswalu and in the surrounding areas. There is a need to establish the human time line within the Kalahari, closely identifying the eras. These will form layers in our knowledge of the archaeology and palaeontology of the area. The use of current techniques in remote sensing to identify areas with fossil and other archaeological sites will add significantly to our understanding of the human impact on the Southern Kalahari.

Pangolin research. Kalahari Conservation and Wildlife Research by Tswalu Foundation
Tswalu Conservation and Wildlife Research by Tswalu Foundation
Kalahari Conservation by Tswalu Foundation

Continued collection of baseline data at all levels – fauna and flora as well as environmental data – is vital in that it provides early-warning signals (indicators and markers). Through graphic representation of data, Tswalu continues to view the current richness, diversity and abundance of plant, mammal, bird, reptile and invertebrate species.

  • Tswalu Master Species List
  • Antlion & Lacewing Species List
  • Birds Species List
  • Butterflies Species List
  • Flora Species List
  • Reptiles Species List
  • Scorpions Species List